Fertility issues can be attributed to female factors 45% of the time, male factors 40% and unknown reasons 15% of the time.
The following tests are often conducted to determine whether your fertility issues can be attributed to female or male factors or both.
Semen analysis: examines the number, shape and swimming ability of the sperm
Day 3 FSH, AMH or Antral Follicle Count: determines the number of eggs remaining in women’s ovaries, it also indirectly measures the quality of the eggs
Ovulation detection: determines whether or not an egg is dropped in a given month. Tests include temperature charts, urine tests, and blood hormone exams.
Hysterosalpingogram: checks the shape of the inside of the uterus and whether or not fallopian tubes are completely open
Sonohysterogram: checks inside the uterus to look for abnormal muscle cell or gland cell growths
Laparoscopy: a minor surgery performed to look at the ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus and inside of the pelvis. It is usually only performed if there is a history of a pelvic infection, endometriosis, or an abnormal hysterosalpingogram.
Thyroid test: normal thyroid tests are important for a baby’s brain development
Rubella (german measles) and Varicella (chicken pox): because these infections can hurt the baby, immunization is available before pregnancy
Blood type: because blood type incompatibility between a mother and child can result in problems in pregnancy
Genetic testing: we have the capability of determining if a couple is at risk for having a child with one of a number of fatal or debilitating childhood diseases.
Once you have completed all of the tests, we will sit down together to determine the best way to help you get pregnant. We will explain to you all of the results and the treatment options available to you. You can then make your decisions based upon what is best for you and your family. To learn more about the treatment options, please ask for “Treatment Options for Infertility.”