Where babies happen

3146 Deming Way
Middleton, WI 53562

Phone: 608-824-0075 | Fax: 608-829-0748

Female Instructions for Intrauterine Insemination

Intrauterine Insemination procedures are performed at WFI in the mornings, seven days a week, except for Christmas and New Year’s Day.

Intrauterine Insemination can be performed with fresh or frozen sperm samples.

If you will be using a fresh semen sample, the semen sample will need to be produced at WFI 1-2 hours before the IUI appointment. The scheduling staff at WFI will assist you in determining how early the sample must be left at the clinic. If you live within 20 minutes of the clinic, you have the option of producing the sample at home and dropping it off at WFI at your scheduled time. If you would like to do this, please make sure to stop by WFI ahead of time to can take a sterile plastic container home with you.

If you will be using a frozen semen sample (that was either frozen by your partner ahead of time or purchased through a sperm bank), you will need to arrive 45-60 minutes before your IUI appointment. Once you arrive, we will thaw the sample and perform a semen analysis to evaluate how well the sperm survived that thaw.

Before the Procedure

Try to maintain a full or partially full bladder. Also, make sure you drink 16 ounces of liquid 30 minutes before the procedure.

If you are using donor sperm from a bank, please make sure you know your donor sample number. We can only release the sample if you know the number.

What to Expect

During the procedure, a tiny tube will be placed into your vagina and then into the uterus. The sperm will be placed into the uterus through this tube. Although most women say they feel nothing, there may be some cramping at the time of injection of the sperm. The total procedure will take about 15 minutes.

You will be given the amount of total swimming sperm at the time of the insemination. You will also be informed as to how this count relates to pregnancy rates.

After the insemination, you will be asked to lie down for about 10 minutes. After that time, you will be able to return to your daily routine.


Sterile gloves and tubes are used to minimize the risk of infection. We do not routinely test the semen sample for infection.

When to Call the Doctor

Call immediately if you experience:

  • Cramping lasting longer than one hour
  • Bleeding that fills more than one pad per hour
  • Fever of 100°F or higher or chills